NEED TO HAVE WILDLIFE MIGRATION CORRIDORS.
Long ago, before development and population increase, we used to have natural movement of wildlife without any restrictions put to them. They could walk across the boarders of different countries and states and were very free to eat different kind of vegetations for their food were in plenty. With colonization, civilization, population increase and increased development or modernization. The most affected victims were the wildlife. The term wildlife is used to refer to animals which cannot cohabit with humans. They live in the wilderness and struggle on their own to find food to eat. Due to the threat of some of these animals becoming extinct, various governments decided to put them in restricted zones and limit their movements by fencing these areas. These areas include National parks, Game reserves among others. This was important due to the fact that land was becoming scarce and human population was increasing and as a result of this more human encroachment was being witnessed in the areas where these animals cohabited. A case in point is the human encroachment of the amazon forest in brazil and congo forest in Congo and Cameroon just to mention but a few. Moreover, construction of infrastructures such as roads are very necessary and some of these roads were constructed right through the national parks and reserve centers. The only way in which development without causing wildlife disruptions which may later result to human wildlife conflict, is through building and maintaining the migration corridors. Migration corridors are either natural or man-made channels that act as a passage connecting wild species during migration or dispersal. Most African countries have many of their wildlife serving as a source of revenues which helps to maintain their economy through foreign earnings they get from the tourism industries. The problem is that they have failed to mange their wildlife by constructing migration corridors or maintaining the natural ones. They have also allowed more human encroachment into these protected areas. As a result, humans have killed many animals and currently, some of the very rare animals which could only be found in Africa like the white rhino are almost becoming extinct. Free movement of wildlife is very important as it makes them to interact freely and avoid inbreeding. Animals can only move freely if their movement is not restricted and their area of movement is not reduced. In most of the developed countries like the USA, they have seen the dare need to allow free movements of their wildlife by constructing well maintained migration channels. They are also very keen in guarding these restricted zones from human encroachment and preventing any anthropogenic activities from taking place within the restricted areas. As a result, some of their wildlife species which were almost becoming extinct have bounced back and are now increasing in numbers. Wildlife are as important as human beings. They need to be dignified just like any other creature that was created by God and for this reason we should try not to restrict their movement for this will wipe them out of the surface of the earth.